The cruel truth about female sex hormones

Female sex hormones have an essential goal: that you get pregnant as often as possible and contribute to the preservation of humanity. Hormones such as Estrogen, anti-Müller hormone (AMH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH) and progesterone are a well-established team: they ensure that eggs in your ovaries mature, ovulation Eisprung You have a desire for sex, sperm quickly find mature eggs and a fertilized egg finds the optimal conditions to grow into a baby. 11 to 15 times a year – depending on your cycle length – you theoretically have the opportunity to get pregnant.

Is the role of hormones different today than it used to be?

Since the invention of the anti-baby pill, which Eisprung women are less “at the mercy” of sex hormones in terms of their life plans. At the beginning of the 20th century, women in Central Europe had an average of 4-5 children, but today there are 1.4-1.6 children. Women are able to plan pregnancies and have the right to terminate pregnancies without giving reasons until the 14th week of pregnancy.

At the same time, infant mortality has fallen massively, and unlike in the past, today you can assume with a very high probability that a child you give birth to will reach adulthood. As recently as the 19th century, about a third of all infants died in Central European cities in the first year of life – due to malnutrition, poor hygiene, the grassing of epidemics and the lack of vaccines.

Unlike in the past, the interaction of your hormones has changed little. What has changed massively is the age at which women give birth. In 1970, a woman was 24 years old on average at the birth of her first child. Today, first-borns are on average 31 years old, and about 25% of all children are born to women older than 35. The fact that at 24 your fertility and hormone levels are different from 35 is no great surprise.

The ideal age to have children is 25 to 31. Fertility decreases from 31, and the likelihood of miscarriages and trisomies increases. With the advanced age at which women plan to become pregnant, the influence and significance of hormones have also increased on the Pregnancy chances Changed. Knowing your hormone levels and interpreting your cycle correctly is therefore very important if you want to get pregnant now or even in a few years. This is how the LH, when your ovulation takes place; the AMH, how long you still have enough eggs in your ovaries; and the FSH, how much your body has to work hard with the maturing process of eggs.

What role hormones play in your health

In biology lessons, you learn that hormones are messengers. And in fact, you can think of your sex hormones as an army of messengers who constantly transmit messages between different organs. These messages cause processes to be set in motion, such as egg maturation or the onset of menstrual bleeding. Hormones also regulate reproductive-independent functions such as fatigue, sleep, appetite, stress and recovery.

Sex hormones play an important role in hair growth, inflammation in your body, distribution of adipose tissue and cholesterol levels, for example. Signs that there may be hormonal disorders include unfulfilled desire for children, such as hair loss, rapid heart beat and weight loss or weight loss.